Endocrinology

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Endocrinology at Apollo Clinic

Diseases associated with endocrine function, including diabetes, pituitary disorders, infertility, metabolic disorders, menopause, osteoporosis, and thyroid disorders, are witnessing an upward trend. Current estimates indicate that thyroid disorders affect 1 in every 10 Indians. At Apollo Clinic, we provide extensive services encompassing the diagnosis, treatment, and management of a variety of endocrine disorders.

What is Endocrinology?

Endocrinology constitutes the medical and physiological discipline associated with the endocrine system. This system comprises a network of glands responsible for producing and releasing hormones that regulate crucial bodily functions. The endocrine system plays a pivotal role in influencing processes such as energy conversion from calories, the pediatric growth of bones and tissues, and even the rhythmic beating of the heart. Any dysfunction in one or more of these glands can result in hormonal imbalances, giving rise to endocrine disorders.

What is the first step?

The initial step involves recognizing the signs and symptoms indicative of endocrine diseases. These disorders often exhibit subtle symptoms that vary based on the specific part of the endocrine system affected. Key symptoms of common endocrine disorders include:


  • Diabetes: Excessive thirst or hunger, fatigue, frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, vision changes, unexplained weight loss or gain.
  • Pituitary Disorders: Abnormally large features (lips, nose, tongue, hands, or feet), body and joint aches, altered facial bone structure, deepening voice, fatigue and weakness, sexual dysfunction (including decreased libido), sleep apnea, vision impairment, overgrowth of bone and cartilage, and thickening of the skin.
  • Addison's Disease: Depression, diarrhea, fatigue, headache, bronze-colored skin, low blood glucose, loss of appetite, low blood pressure, missed menstrual periods, nausea, vomiting, craving for salt, unexplained weight loss, weakness.
  • Cushing’s Syndrome: Fat accumulation between shoulder blades (buffalo hump), skin discoloration, fatigue, excessive thirst, osteoporosis, frequent urination, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, irritability, and mood changes, rapid heart rate, tremors, red or thick skin on the shins, unexplained weight loss.
  • Hyperthyroidism: Diarrhea, difficulty sleeping, fatigue, goiter, heat intolerance, irritability and mood changes, rapid heart rate, tremors, unexplained weight loss, weakness.
  • Hypothyroidism: Cold intolerance, constipation, decreased sweat production, dry hair, fatigue, goiter, slowed heart rate, joint and muscle pain, missed menstrual periods, swollen face, unexplained weight gain.

In certain instances, endocrine disorders could pose life-threatening risks. Therefore, immediate medical intervention is crucial if you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms.


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